Continuous Synthesis in Microreactors

Project PLASMACAT

Plasmapolymerized polymeric thin films as carrier structures for nanoscopic catalysts

Facility for plasma coating
© Fraunhofer IMM

Facility for plasma coating

Pharmaceutical agents are based upon fine chemicals with a maximum degree of purity. In most cases, the synthesis is performed in conventional vessels with homogeneous catalysts which are based on noble metal complexes with specially adapted ligands. Thus, these catalysts develop their specific mode of action and selectivity for e.g. the formation of chiral centers in an agent or as a photocatalyst using visible light as an energy source.

Basic principle

With microreaction technology we are able to develop specialized reactor concepts with immobilized catalysts which allow, besides the possibility of a continuous synthesis, an improved process control and reliability. Using immobilized catalysts creates the big advantage of achieving high product purity. This is because the catalyst itself does not come into use in the reaction solution and consequently does not have to be removed in complex separation processes.

Objective

The sinter process for the catalyst application allows for the fixation of a noble metal catalyst to a heat-resistant surface only at high temperatures. In this process any carbon-based materials or ligands are combusted. Thus, a chemical selectivity, homogeneous catalysts especially develop in enantioselective synthesis due to ligands, would be completely excluded. Our work in the project PlasmaCat directly addresses this issue. We coat reactor components which are microstructured by plasma polymerization at a low temperature with an organic polymeric thin film to serve as carrier material for catalysts. The functional groups of the polymeric thin film in turn can be used to strongly anchor various catalysts at the surface. To allow a wide range of reactions, three catalyst classes can be deployed: a) noble metal nanoparticles, b) chiral organocatalysts, and c) organic high performance dyes as photocatalysts.

Our research & development services

With the help of three catalyst classes we make a broad spectrum of synthetically valuable reaction classes accessible: C-C coupling reactions, (enantioselective) hydrogenations or light driven redox reactions, respectively.

 

Funded by: Foundation Rhineland-Palatinate for Innovation, funding code 961-386261/1166.